佛學講座 - 佛學問答(English) - What are four dogmas?
What are four dogmas?

The four dogmas, also known as four noble truths, are the truth of

suffering, truth of the origin of suffering, truth of cessation of suffering

or nirvana, and truth of the path to cessation of suffering.

The truth of suffering is about life‘s stock of great distresses, collectively

termed eight distresses: birth, aging, sickness, death, goals

unattainable, confronting the abhorred, separation from the beloved,

and all ills of the five skandhas or aggregates. Such sufferings emerge

and reemerge throughout life‘s journey. From start to finish. One

after another. Incessantly. Overflowing with sorrows unsolvable and

anxieties innate.

The Buddha instructs and guides the investigation into what causes

the myriad sufferings. Innate greed, anger, and ignorance in all living

beings when astir with emotional imbalance, behavior results and so

does retribution of suffering. Such is the truth of the origin of suffering.

With emotional imbalance eradicated and life inducted into the realm of

peace and joy, auspice and harmony, purity and transformation, rebirth

in the human state ceases. Such is nirvana, via which to extinguish

myriad distresses. Ultimately, there needs to be the way to attain.

Such is the truth of the path to cessation of suffering, via which to

effectuate the end of distresses. The Dharma methods via which to

cultivate and learn the path to cessation of suffering include thirtyseven

prerequisites for the attainment of the Way, six paramitas,

four immeasurables, four all-embracing virtues, five precepts, and

ten virtues—all great paths via which to eradicate suffering.