The four dogmas, also known as four noble truths, are the truth of
suffering, truth of the origin of suffering, truth of cessation of suffering
or nirvana, and truth of the path to cessation of suffering.
The truth of suffering is about life‘s stock of great distresses, collectively
termed eight distresses: birth, aging, sickness, death, goals
unattainable, confronting the abhorred, separation from the beloved,
and all ills of the five skandhas or aggregates. Such sufferings emerge
and reemerge throughout life‘s journey. From start to finish. One
after another. Incessantly. Overflowing with sorrows unsolvable and
The Buddha instructs and guides the investigation into what causes
the myriad sufferings. Innate greed, anger, and ignorance in all living
beings when astir with emotional imbalance, behavior results and so
does retribution of suffering. Such is the truth of the origin of suffering.
With emotional imbalance eradicated and life inducted into the realm of
peace and joy, auspice and harmony, purity and transformation, rebirth
in the human state ceases. Such is nirvana, via which to extinguish
myriad distresses. Ultimately, there needs to be the way to attain.
Such is the truth of the path to cessation of suffering, via which to
effectuate the end of distresses. The Dharma methods via which to
cultivate and learn the path to cessation of suffering include thirtyseven
prerequisites for the attainment of the Way, six paramitas,
four immeasurables, four all-embracing virtues, five precepts, and
ten virtues—all great paths via which to eradicate suffering.