Fan-bei in Chinese transliteration, Buddhist chanting, with the
accompaniment of wooden fish, yin-qing (hand-bell), da-qing (large
bell-shaped bell), dang-zi (small gong), ha-zi (cymbal), jung-gu (bell
and drum), and other instruments, is orchestration of tonal highs and
lows like in a singing score. Assembly in the temple for sutra recitation
and Buddha remembrance, when accompanied by chanting, results in
neat order. Such is the role of fan-bei, Buddhist chanting.
The purport of sutra recitation is that the Buddha' s doctrine needs
to be thoroughly read. With heartiest concentration of thought and
remembrance alongside absorption of content, the goal of sutra
recitation is hence met. Basically, fan-bei or chanting is unneeded
if conducting own recitation, but some practitioners do enthuse in
conducting own chanting.