Chan-ding—the Chinese transliteration for meditation—denotes
dhyana and samadhi respectively. In all, meditation is cultivating
and concentrating peace and quiet in mind and practicing calm and
tranquility. Named jing-lu, quiet thought, according to the Faxiang sect
and zhi-guan, putting to rest the abstract mind and contemplation,
according to the Tiantai sect, both terms together ably deliver the
cherished signification of meditation. For meditation pertains to both
control of mind as one and abstract contemplation. Emotions settling
down, systemic thinking continues in the faculty of mind. Methods
of thinking and contemplation are many. Counting breathings is
one of them.
Contemplation in counting breathings—anapanasmrti in Sanskrit—is
the exercise of one-mind, one-thought attention to the exhaling-cuminhaling
function. For attention in mind and cognition is intrinsically
interrelated to breathing. A meditator, spiritual powers congealed
and thought calmed whilst fully charged in the undertaking, becomes
concentrated amidst spontaneous breathing, at peace body and mind,
stable and joyful.
Sitting meditation existed as an age-old practice since ancient times
among Eastern nations as a technique with which to balance and treat
body and mind, like the Buddhist samadhi, Taoist pill-and-cauldron
exhaling-cum-inhaling, Hindu contemplation yoga, contemporary
transcendental meditation, or even all forms of hypnosis.
Sitting meditation is a practical exercise studied and investigated in
depth, resulting in some conclusive information as below: the power
of sitting meditation is capable of reducing heartbeat, controlling
brainwaves, impacting blood pressure, slowing down metabolism,
relaxing body and mind, alleviating anxiety and stress, minimizing
thinking whilst sharpening comprehension.