An arhan and a Buddha, cultivators of the method of exit from the
saha world, both realize nirvana with no remaining karma for suffering.
The two, however, are dissimilar in practice. The Buddha, being of the
Mahayana, cultivates though three great asankhya kalpas, dwells not
in nirvana, but undertakes to deliver all living beings. The arhan, of the
Hinayana, realizes the Way on completion of four fruits in duration,
and returns no more to the saha world to deliver all living beings.
The Buddha and arhan, on realization of nirvana with no remaining
karma for suffering, differ in time frame and method as much as how
they deliver all living beings. The only common ground shared between
them is that they both traverse and transcend the three realms and
become liberated from transmigrating through rebirths and redeaths.