When the Buddha taught about doing good, he put much stress on
the cultivation and learning of the three nonleaking studies—vinaya or
discipline, samadhi or meditation, and prajna or wisdom, discussed
In the cultivation and learning of vinaya or discipline, it is about what
to do. Rigorous adherence to order needs to be paired with care for mind.
Unagitated and with mind tended to, undertake to cultivate and learn
the samadhi. For all things being mind-generated, the three poisons of
greed, anger, and ignorance continue messing with emotions to cause
erroneous behavior. Take care of body, therefore, in how it acts and
responses, take care of mind in how it stays in health and balance,
and subsequently rein in karma as generated via body and mouth. Such
is a common form of practice in how discipline becomes the choice of
attachment, how virtue is cultivated in accordance with the worldly truths.
In the cultivation and learning of samadhi or meditation, it is about how
to refrain mind from dispersing and chaos. Contemplation of the Buddha
and bodhisattva images is one acceptable method.
In the cultivation and learning of prajna or wisdom, it is about that which
is beyond worldly. Life is transmigrating, forever adrift between rebirths
and redeaths. In prajna we see the prospect for freedom from transmigration
and shedding of rebirths and redeaths.
Buddhism also teaches giving and building affinity. We do good and
accumulate blessedness to sow virtuous cause; we cultivate pajna to
seek realization of the suchness of existents and thorough liberation from
transmigration between rebirths and redeaths.