Bhiksu in Sanskrit denotes a man leaving home, a monk. Bhiksu is a
plant that is soft, adaptable, and fragrant—virtuous characteristics of a
monk. Hence the name. A bhiskuni is a female Buddhist practitioner
He-shang is Chinese transliteration for a Buddhist practitioner who
initiates the bodhi mind and leaves home to join the sangha.
The Buddha on enlightenment undertook to preach to the five bhiksus.
Hence the establishment of the Three Jewels—the Buddha, the Dharma,
and the sangha. More than a few stipulations took form thereafter. With
everybody leaving home and living together, the Buddha took faith in
harmony with no strife: mutual support in adversity, care for each
other in sickness, pursuit of resolution together over all issues, and,
in absence of conflict, upholding of the six points of reverent harmony.
Hence, again, a he-shang, meaning bhiksu or monk, he for harmony
and shang for revered.